Pentair Aquatic Eco-Systems in Suriname
When it comes to aquatic species capture, Suriname is mostly devoted to its marine capture fisheries, where large-scale aquaculture currently only comprises two commercial farms, rearing the Pacific white shrimp, (Litopenaeus vannamei), and some early infrastructure is implementing (Penaeus monodon) culture in the western part of the country (Nickerie).
The main geographical area of industrial aquaculture is the district Commewijne, located in coastal Suriname. The main areas of small-scale aquaculture are the districts of Nickerie, Saramacca, and Paramaribo.
The main commercial farms utilize earthen ponds for semi-intensive culture and concrete tanks for intensive culture, and consists of rearing (Litopenaeus vannamei), however, the shrimp larvae have always been imported from the United States of America, the Dominican Republic, and Columbia. The species contributing to most of the small-scale aquaculture production are kwie-kwie (Hoplosternum littorale) and Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). These species can be found in water bodies throughout the country, and the fingerlings are caught in the wild and introduced into controlled environments, such as backyard ponds.