Pentair Aquatic Eco-Systems in Guyana Francesa
The fisheries industry in French Guiana is limited; however, fishing fleets off the coast are made up of 115 vessels, consisting of boats of the canoe, traditional, and the shrimp trawling variety. These vessels mostly fish for "white fish" in coastal waters, and account for over 10,000 metric tons of fish each year. White fish, living in mangrove swamps and estuaries, consist of gill backer sea catfish, (Aspistor parkeri), croaker, (Micropogonias undulates), mullet, (Mugil spp.), grouper, (Epinephelus spp.), etc. Shrimp boats aim to catch primarily brown shrimp (Farfantapenaeus aztecus), found on the shelf, and a number of vessels long-line for snapper, (Lutjanus spp.) off of the shelf.
Aquaculture is inferior to the coastal fishing fleet and is mostly done in inland waters. There are two small sectors involved in intensive farming of giant river prawn, (Macobrachium rosenbergii), and farming of rice carp, (Cyprinus carpio), using the traditional method from Laos, who has immigrants which have been settling in French Guiana since the 1970's.
There is the Soucoumou Centre for Aquaculture Research which is responsible for devising procedures for farming local species that have strong commercial potential, to include common carp, (Cyprinus carpio), local carp, (Cyprinus spp.), brown hoplo, (Hoplosternum littorale), and oscar, (Astronotus ocellatus).